Tuesday, April 2, 2013

Types of herpes virus

Types of herpes virus

There are 8 different types of herpes virus known to affect human beings and they are popularly known by numbers from HHV1 to 8.

Types of herpes virus


This is also referred to as herpes simplex virus 1 or HSV1. This is one of the types of herpes virus that can spread to the genital area resulting to genital herpes. This is mainly through genital contact (oral). HHV 1 is highly contagious and can spread through broken skin or mucous membranes when one comes into direct contact with an infected person. This can also spread through sharing of things like utensils, towels from people with active lesions and razors


It is also known as herpes simplex virus 2 or HSV2 and it is mainly associated with genital herpes which is transmitted sexually. Just like HHV1, HHV2 is highly contagious and spreads in the same way. However, it is mainly associated with sex bearing in mind that the virus does not have the ability to survive outside the body for a long time. 


It is also referred to as varicella- zosta virus, a virus that causes chickenpox and persistent skin virus infection popularly known as shingles.


Otherwise known as Epstein-Barr virus, HHV 4 is one of the highly contagious types of herpes virus transmitted through saliva. Sneezing, coughing and sharing of utensil with an infected person can also help to spread the virus.


Officially known as cytomegalovirus (CMV), HHV 5, does not exhibit symptoms in people with well developed immune systems. It results to the most difficult AIDS complications and can easily be transmitted through various means; sexually, breast feeding, transfusion of blood and transplant of organs. Although it is less symptomatic in people with healthy immune systems, it is worse in people with weak immune systems especially the AIDS victims.


This is a new agent observation present in blood cells of a few people suffering from various diseases.


This is another type of herpes virus similar to the HHV 6 and is prevalent in human beings. Although it is not clear what it causes, it can also result to roseola.


Recently diagnosed in the Kaposi’s Sarcoma (KS) tumors found in people with AIDS, HHV 8 is a rare case. It is a hard condition to manage with medication. 

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