Saturday, April 6, 2013

Causative organism of tuberculosis and its structure


Causative organism of tuberculosis and its structure
Mycobacterium

Common and lethal in most cases, tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease associated with various types of mycobacteria, normally the mycobactrium tuberculosis. It mostly affects the lungs but can spread to other parts of the body. As an airborne disease, it is easily spread through the air especially so when TB victims sneeze, cough or emit respiratory fluids to the air. Most of the TB infections are asymptomatic and latent but it is
believed that in about 1 out 10 infections (latent) eventually develop the active disease, which if great care is not observed, may result to 50% deaths of the TB infection victims.

The mycobacterium tuberculosis is an aerobic non-motile bacillus containing a high content of lipids which enables it to exhibit a number of distinctive clinical characteristics. It has the ability to divide itself into various parts after every 16 – 20 hours. This rate is low compared to other types of bacteria which can divide themselves in less that one hour.
The mycobactrium has an outer membrane bilayer made of lipids. As a result of the high content of lipids and myocolic acid on the cell walls, when Gram stain is conducted, MTB may either stain weakly (gram-positive) or may not be able to retain dye. The MTB has the ability to endure weak disinfectants and stay alive in dry conditions for several weeks.

Naturally, the bacterium can only grow within the host’s organism cells; however, M. tuberculosis can also be produced in laboratories. The complex type of M. tuberculosis comprises of four different types of the TB causing agent – mycobacteria namely:
·        M. africanum
·        M.bovis
·        M.microti
·        M.canetti
Although M. africanum is not extensively spread, it has been associated with tuberculosis in various parts of Africa. The introduction of the pasteurized milk, M. bovis, once a common cause of TB, has been greatly eradicated in most developed countries. On the hand, M. canetti is a rare case that has been confined to the Horn of Africa with a few cases found in the African emigrants. Like M. canetti, M. microti is also a rare case with its prevalence being greatly underestimated. 

1 comment:

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    I have been suffering from (HERPES) disease for the last four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulate all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (Hepatitis B and Cancer) by this Man Dr Gumbla and she also gave the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr Gumbla telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as the Dr assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email Dr Gumbla on : (greatgumblaspellhome@outlook.com) or thought his website http://eromosalspiritualtemple.webs.com or call or what'sapp him with +2348161850195.. THESE ARE THE THINGS DR GUMBALA CAN
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