Saturday, December 28, 2013

Types of Anemia

Anemia

Anemia may be defined as qualitative or quantitative deficiency of hemoglobin in the blood for the age and sex of the individual. The Normal Hemoglobin level in an adult male is 14 to 18 mg/dl and 12 to 16 for female. When the hemoglobin concentration is below of this level then the person can be called anemic theoretically. Normally the hemoglobin concentration in female body is less than a male body. This is due to the activity of estrogen hormone.
Nail change in Anemia

Classification of Anemia

Morphological classification:

Microcytic hypo chromic anemia:

Causes:
1.       Iron deficiency anemia
2.       Thalassaemia
3.       Sideroblastic anemia
4.       Anemia in chronic disease.

Normocytic normochromic anemia:

Causes:
1.       Aplastic anemia

Thursday, December 26, 2013

Causes of Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron Deficiency Anemia

This is a condition when the loss of iron or the physiological demand for iron is more than the intake or absorption. In Iron deficiency anemia, the red blood cells become small and hypo chromatic. The major causes of Iron deficiency anemia are the followings:
Iron Deficiency Anemia

Blood loss:

1.       Gastriris
2.       Peptic Ulceration
3.       Gastric malignancy
4.       Carcinoma colon
5.       Inflammatory bowel disease
6.       Diverticulitis
7.       Polyps
8.       Hook worm infestation
9.       Schistosomiasis
10.   Chronic use of NSAIDs or Aspirin

Tuesday, December 24, 2013

Common Causes of Anemia in Bangladesh

Anemia
Bangladesh is a poor country. Most of the people here are deprived of basic needs of life. The number of doctors and the health care centers are insufficient. They cannot take nutritious food for their illiteracy and poverty. For these reasons most of the people in Bangladesh are anemic. More over the chronic disease such as Tuberculosis, SLE, Peptic Ulcer Disease, hook worm infestation are very common. These diseases also play a vital role in the development of anemia. A short example can give you a clear idea about the hematological condition of Bangladeshi people. In Bangladesh a lady with a hemoglobin level of 10mg/dl is considered as free from anemia, where the normal international level is 12 to 16 mg/dl.