Sunday, August 10, 2014


Hallucination is nothing but sensory perception which occurs in the absence of external stimuli. As for example we can call the followings;

Saturday, December 28, 2013

Types of Anemia


Anemia may be defined as qualitative or quantitative deficiency of hemoglobin in the blood for the age and sex of the individual. The Normal Hemoglobin level in an adult male is 14 to 18 mg/dl and 12 to 16 for female. When the hemoglobin concentration is below of this level then the person can be called anemic theoretically. Normally the hemoglobin concentration in female body is less than a male body. This is due to the activity of estrogen hormone.
Nail change in Anemia

Classification of Anemia

Morphological classification:

Microcytic hypo chromic anemia:

1.       Iron deficiency anemia
2.       Thalassaemia
3.       Sideroblastic anemia
4.       Anemia in chronic disease.

Normocytic normochromic anemia:

1.       Aplastic anemia

Thursday, December 26, 2013

Causes of Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron Deficiency Anemia

This is a condition when the loss of iron or the physiological demand for iron is more than the intake or absorption. In Iron deficiency anemia, the red blood cells become small and hypo chromatic. The major causes of Iron deficiency anemia are the followings:
Iron Deficiency Anemia

Blood loss:

1.       Gastriris
2.       Peptic Ulceration
3.       Gastric malignancy
4.       Carcinoma colon
5.       Inflammatory bowel disease
6.       Diverticulitis
7.       Polyps
8.       Hook worm infestation
9.       Schistosomiasis
10.   Chronic use of NSAIDs or Aspirin